With Paul McCullagh’s PBXT storage engine getting integrated into MariaDB 5.1, it’s never been easier to it out. So we have, on a slave off one of our own production systems which gets lots of inserts from our Zabbix monitoring system.
That’s possibly an ideal usage profile, since PBXT is a log based engine (simplistically stated, it indexes its transaction logs, rather than rewriting data from log into index and indexing that) so it should require less disk I/O than say InnoDB. And that means it should be particularly suited to for instance logging, which have lots of inserts on a sustained basis. Note that for short insert burst you may not see a difference with InnoDB because of caching, but sustain it and then you can notice.
Because PBXT has such different/distinct architecture there’s a lot of learning involved. Together with Paul and help from Roland Bouman we also created a stored procedure that can calculate the optimal average row size for PBXT, and even ALTER TABLE statements you can paste to convert tables. The AVG_ROW_LENGTH option is quite critical with PBXT, if set too big (or if you let PBXT guess and it gets it wrong) it’ll eat heaps more diskspace as well as being much slower, and if too small it’ll be slower also; this, it needs to be in the right ballpark. For existing datasets it can be calculated, so that’s what we’ve worked on. The procs will be published shortly, and Paul will also put them in with the rest of the PBXT files.
Another important aspect for PBXT is having sufficient cache memory allocated, otherwise operations can take much much longer. While the exact “cause” is different, one would notice similar performance aspects when using InnoDB on larger datasets and buffers that are too small for the purpose.
So, while using or converting some tables to PBXT takes a bit of consideration, effort and learning, it appears to be dealing with the real world very well so far – and that’s a testament to Paul’s experience. Paul is also very responsive to questions. As we gain more experience, it is our intent to try PBXT for some of our clients that have operational needs that might be a particularly good fit for PBXT.
I should also mention that it is possible to have a consistent transaction between PBXT, InnoDB and the binary log, because of the 2-phase commit (XA) infrastructure. This means that you should even be able to do a mysqldump with –single-transaction if you have both PBXT and InnoDB tables, and acquire a consistent snapshot!
More experiences and details to come.